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2021 年成人高考专升本《英语》真题

发布时间:2023-02-21   首页 > 成考 > 历年真题

   2021 年成人高考专升本《英语》真题

  Ⅰ.Phonetics(5 points)

  第 I 卷(选择题,共 125 分)

  Directions:In each of the following groups of words,there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A,B,C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1.A. cake B.gas C. bag D. tax

  2.A. tough B. laugh C. though D.cough

  3.A. pupil B.music C. huge D.lucky

  4.A. gesture B. mature C. mixture D.structure

  5.A. leader B. pleasure C. leather D.measure

  Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure(15 points)

  Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  6.—Did you find the film boring?

  —Not at all. It was .

  A.terrific B.bitter C.horrible D.miserable

  7.By the time he retires,Carl president for 15 years at the university. A.would be

  B.will have been

  C.will be

  D.has been

  8.The pipe in the kitchen is broken. We should have it as soon as possible. A.to be repaired

  B.repaired C.to repair D.repairing

  9.Every time I met her,she would show her concern . me and my family. A.against

  B.on C.from D.for

  10.Mary demanded that he the books he borrowed from her a month ago.

  A.return B.would return C.returned D.had returned

  11.We have to accept the fact there is a shortage of qualified teachers in the countryside.

  A.that B.which C.since D.because

  12.There are enough night schools in this city. Adults can be educated no matter old they are.

  A.how B.what C.when D.where

  13.Those are willing to help others are likely to be popular among people. A.whose

  B.which C.who D.what

  14.Many young people have stopped newspapers because they read the news online now.

  A.buy B.to buy C.bought D.buying

  15.Susie's experience is unusual she travelled 20 countries in only one month. A.so that

  B.except that

  C.in that

  D.such that

  16.The company has 80 staff members, 15 foreign experts. A.not to count

  B.not counted

  C.having not counted

  D.not counting

  17.The young mother ever gets a chance to study,except when the children have gone to bed.

  A.hardly B.almost C.only D.nearly

  18. the result of the exam,she stood at the door of the classroom,disappointed. A.Knowing

  B.To be known C.Known

  D.To know

  19.Natural gas can serve as an to coal and oil because it is more environmentally friendly.

  A.option B.extra C.addition D.alternative

  20.The librarian did some careful checking and found several books from the shelf. A.leaking

  B.missing C.losing D.dropping

  Ⅲ.Cloze(30 points)

  Directions:For each blank in the following passage,there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  As children move towards adulthood(成年),they become taller,stronger,and more independent.At some point in adulthood,_21 _ , a slow decline begins. Their hair often _22_ gray, their skin wrinkles,and their muscles begin to 23 . Their short-term memory may suffer,and they often 24 part of their vision or hearing.

  Scientists are not 25 sure what causes the effects of aging. The body might have a time 26 which would determine how long the cells can remain 27 . Depending on the type of animal and its environment, animals age at different rates and live 28 different lengths of time. An animal in a good zoo—well 29 and protected from predators(捕食者)—often lives longer than the same type in the wild. 30 , people who live in rich countries generally live longer than 31 in poor countries.

  Several other factors also 32 how long people live and the quality of their lives.One factor is genetics(遗传). In some families,it seems that many 33 have long lives. Genetics may also determine whether people 34 certain diseases. Another factor is lifestyle. People who keep their minds 35 and often communicate with friends will feel younger and may live

  longer. People who keep a normal weight,exercise,and do not smoke may also age more slowly.
















  Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  Directions :There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  Pain is an emotional as well as physical response to injury or disease. Intense fear and anxiety are vital immediate responses that cause you to avoid sources of pain whenever possible. Sometimes, however, pain persists even when the injury or disease is no longer present. A painful feeling can become associated with constant stress, bad memories, or lasting fear.

  Medicine is often essential for controlling pain in the short term, but taking painkillers(止痛药) for an extended period can lead to addiction9 ( 上瘾) or serious physical side effects , including stomach and liver diseases. Your body may also build up a tolerance to a drug so that you get less benefit from it as time goes on.

  Although you should always seek medical advice if pain is severe or continues for a long time, you can also use techniques to control it. Mind -body techniques can reduce or help control pain-

  -with no risk of side effects. Most people relax with deep, controlled breathing to reduce the tension that comes with pain. Try lying quietly in a dark room; breathe in deeply while counting to 10, hold the breath for a moment, and then exhale slowly for a count of 10. Continue this for 10 - 20 minutes.

  Shifting your attention often reduces pain’s severity(严重程度). Try turning your attention away from the painful area, focusing instead on a non-painful part of your body. Or, imagine the pain as a big ball of energy outside your body, and make it smaller in your mind. Train yourself to replace the thoughts like “I can't stop this pain," with positive ones such as“This pain is only temporary.

  In this practice, you merely acknowledge the pain by actively fighting it, instead of allowing it to dominate your thoughts.

  36.Which of the following is people's natural response to pain?

  A.They tend to feel worried and frightened.

  B.They want to make sure it won' t last long.

  C.They prefer to forget the bad memories.

  D.They try to find out what may cause pain.

  37.What can be inferred about taking painkillers from Paragraph 2?

  A.It leads to addiction in a short period of time.

  B.It builds up the tolerance to pain. .

  C.It becomes less effective over time.

  D.It cures stomach and liver diseases slowly.

  38.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word“ exhale" in Paragraph 3?

  A.To breathe out.

  B.To fall asleep.

  C.To tum your body.

  D.To get up.

  39.What would be the best title for the passage?

  A.How to Use Your Brain to Manage Pain?

  B.What Is the Right Way to Shift Your Attention?

  C.What Is the Correct Way to Take Medicines?

  D.How to Eliminate Painkillers' Side Effects?

  Passage Two

  Sweden is aiming for a zero-waste society. This takes the country' s recycling revolution one step further- from putting rubbish in landfills(废物填埋场),to recycling to reusing.

  It is early morning. Before 31-year-old Daniel Silberstein goes to his office, he has separated out his empty cartons(纸箱) into the containers in the shared basement. It is just some of the two tons of rubbish he and his fellow Swedes recycle per person each year.

  “The thing about recycling is that it's quite automatic. It' s basically a thing you naturally do,” Silberstein says.

  “A big part of it is thinking about what kind of environment our daughter is going to have in the future. I am a kid of the 1990s and not recycling is kind of abnormal for us, but for my daughter's generation it will hopefully go even further. She already thinks it's fun to push the cartons into the recycling station when I take her there.”

  The main problem today is that many used products are hard to deal with. A new movement is gaining ground that seeks to ensure everything can be reused somehow. In 2017 the Swedish government reformed the tax system so that people could get cheaper repairs on used goods, and a Swedish clothing company operates a recycling project where customers get a discount upon handing in old clothes. Meanwhile, scientists are working on finding new clothing materials that are less damaging to the environment.

  For Daniel Silberstein and his daughter Charlie, the future begins at home.“ Friends shouldn't throw rubbish on the ground," Charlie says, and her dad agrees: "In the future we' II

  look at the old style of recycling the way we look at fossil(化石)fuels and landfill sites today. It will all seem crazy.

  40.What is the main reason for Silberstein to practice recycling?

  A.To protect the environment.

  B.To save more money.

  C.To obey the local rules.

  D.To follow his fellows.

  41.What is the main problem for Sweden to build a zero-waste society?

  A.The younger generation does not like used goods.

  B.Rubbish is often thrown on the ground.

  C.Many used goods are difficult to handle.

  D.The older generation is not used to recycling.

  42.Which of the following is true about Sweden' s recycling revolution?

  A.The government encourages people to store used goods.

  B.Scientists are funded in inventing new clothing materials.

  C.The kids must put the cartons into the recycling station.

  D.People may buy new clothes cheaper after returning old ones.

  43.What is the writer' s attitude towards building a zero-waste society in Sweden?





  Passage Three

  Welcome to Stratford-upon-Avon, home of the world's most famous writer, William Shakespeare(1564 - 1616). Stratford is famous in history for many old buildings from the Middle Ages. Our aim is to attract you to explore our lovely town following streets that Shakespeare would have known and would still recognize. .

  Stratford-upon-Avon has been a market town since before Shakespeare's day. It was a small river crossing until it received its legal status as a town in 1196. The original crossing was close to the site of Clopton Bridge, one of the oldest bridges in the country. After 500 years, the bridge still bears traffic,which speaks of the great skill of the original builders. Today, we still have a flourishing market, held on Fridays and Saturdays. The town is also host to many other art markets throughout the year.

  The Royal Shakespeare Company, one of the most famous acting companies in the world, is located here. The theater provides performances of Shakespeare ' s plays. It also has many performing works from across the centuries and many contemporary pieces as well. If you are lucky, you will see many a famous face wandering through the town or enjoying a drink after plays in one of our many bars.

  You may enjoy a boat trip on the river or a visit to the Butterfly Farm, one of the largest of its kind in Europe, which has collections of many extraordinary insects. An enjoyable time may be

  had in the Brass Rubbing Center(黄铜拓印技艺中心),which promises that great skills are not required to produce an unusual souvenir of your visit. The center of the town has many small shops and galleries. We hope you enjoy your visit to our much-loved town and that you will come back again.

  44.What can be inferred about Stratford-upon-Avon? A.It has served as an art market since Shakespeare' s day.

  B.Its market is closed on Saturday mornings.

  C.Its streets have remained nearly the same over the centuries.

  D.It gained its legal status as a town in Shakespeare' s day.

  45.Which place should you visit if you want to observe wonderful insects?

  A.Brass Rubbing Center.

  B.Royal Shakespeare Company.

  C.Butterfly Farm.

  D.Clopton Bridge.

  46.What is the main purpose of this passage?

  A.To inform visitors of the places to buy souvenirs.

  B.To associate Stratford-upon-Avon with Shakespeare.

  C.To attract visitors to travel in Stratford-upon-Avon.

  D.To introduce the history of Stratford-upon-Avon.

  47.Where is the passage most probably taken from?

  A.A novel.

  B.A tourist guide.

  C.A product catalog.

  D.A biography.

  Passage Four

  My boyfriend really enjoyed canoeing(划独木舟),and it took me a while to finally persuade him to take me on a canoe trip. Despite his great skill, he was nervous about my safety and described many terrible situations that could happen.“They could also not happen," I said. I wanted to prove that I was tough and capable of adventuring.

  This would be a romantic adventure. We would row the canoe on the lake under a beautiful blue sky. I was confident it would all go according to plan.

  It did not go as planned. Instead, it all went downhill. We hit a headwind(逆风).The flies were the worst. An unknown animal outside our tent in the night forced us to get up twice to scare it away. We walked through knee-deep mud; we moved around so many fallen trees that we lost the way frequently. We had an unexpected thunderstorm on our second night. We hid in our tent from the bugs(虫子), too tired and bitten to even hold each other. When we were finally back in the car, my skin was hot and angry with bug bites, I had barely slept in 72 hours and I had an injury on my forehead from hitting it on the canoe.

  Yet I realized that I wanted to do it all again. Because I swam in a lake so warm it felt like a summer pool. I ate lunch on an island with the most beautiful pine trees. I' d also never before

  appreciated how thunder can make the ground tremble. I know why my boyfriend loves canoeing so much. It's for the challenge, the space, and the beauty of moving forward with your own two hands in a place of natural wonder. He didn't say“I love you." He said I was a good partner. I' ve found something that I really like to do. That ' s the more important thing.

  48.Why did the writer want to have a canoe trip with her boyfriend? A.To wait for a proposal of marriage.

  B.To prove she was tougher than her boyfriend.

  C.To show she had basic life skills.

  D.To prove her ability to meet challenges.

  49.What does the sentence“ it all went downhill” in Paragraph 3 mean? A.We rolled down the hill in the wind.

  B.Our canoe was turned upside down.

  C.Things became worse than expected.

  D.Things were brought under control.

  50.Which of the following happened during their canoe trip? A.They became angry with each other.

  B.They were wounded by a wild animal.

  C.They held each other to keep warm in the tent.

  D.They often lost their way in the forest.

  51.What would be the best title for the passage? A.An Exciting Forest Adventure

  B.An Extraordinary Canoe Trip C.Canoeing—An Outdoor Sport

  D.A Place of Natural Wonder

  Passage Five

  Health care experts have long drawn attention to the problems of eating too much salt.

  There is strong evidence that a diet high in salt can lead to raised blood pressure.Since high blood pressure is a major factor in heart disease,it makes sense to cut down on the salt people eat.

  In the past,food contained very little salt,and people added it to their food at the table. Very few people add salt this way nowadays. However,the salt content of processed foods has gone up dramatically.It ' s now estimated that over three-quarters of the salt in the average diet comes from processed foods,eaten without our being aware of it.

  Salt is added to food partly to extend shelf-life,but more often it 's dropped in to make up for the flavor lost in the manufacturing process.This is especially true of ready meals and highly processed foods,but it 's also true of such basic food as biscuits,soups,and even bread. Much mass-produced bread,for instance,contains so much salt-half a gram for every hundred grams of bread—that it ' s officially classified by the UK government as high—salt food.Salt has to be added to the bread because fast production cuts down the time for the flavor to develop.Without added salt,the bread would taste like paper.

  In the UK,the government has launched a campaign to cut down on the salt people eat. The

  UK Food Standards Agency argues that nearly half of the UK's population eat too much salt—9.5g a day on average. Its aim is to bring down the average to 6g a day. The idea is to cut the salt content in 85 key food categories such as bread ,meat ,and cakes.

  52.What is the main reason for reducing salt in food? A.To improve the flavor of food.

  B.To decrease the time for processing food.

  C.To extend the shelf-life of food.

  D.To protect people against heart diseases.

  53.What can be inferred about people's use of salt in the past ? A.People used salt to control blood pressure.

  B.People ate much salt in their average diet.

  C.People were clear about the harmful effect of salt.

  D.People didn't eat so much salt as we do today.

  54.Which of the following is classified as high-salt food by the UK government? A.Mass-produced bread.

  B.Light-cooked meat.

  C.Sweet biscuits.

  D.Fresh vegetables.

  55.What is the passage mainly about? A.Salt and food flavor.

  B.Salt and people's lifestyle.

  C.Salt and food processing.

  D.Salt and people's health.

  Ⅴ.Daily Conversation(15 points)

  Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  A.I am free on Sunday. B.See you then!

  C.Where are you planning to go? D.No,thanks.

  E.I need a break! F.Would you like to join us?

  G.That is a lovely place. H.When shall we leave? Daniel:How are you doing,Linda?

  Linda:To be honest,l am really tired of my work at the moment. 56

  Daniel:My friends and I are planning a trip on Sunday. 57 Linda:Sure,I'd love to. 58

  Daniel:The Golden Beach. We will have a picnic there. It will be fun !

  Linda:I can 't wait! 59

  Daniel:Eight o'clock in the morning. We'll pick you up at your place.

  Linda:Great ! 60

  第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共 25 分)

  Ⅵ.Writing(25 points)

  Directions:For this part,you are supposed to write an e-mail in about 100-120 words based on the following situation.Remember to write it clearly.

  61.学校将组织一次英语演讲比赛,打算邀请外教(John)来做评委。请你(Li Yuan)给他写一封 e-mail,内容包括: